What’s the difference between a review and an essay?
The essay expresses individual impressions and thoughts of the author on a particular subject and doesn’t pretend to be an exhaustive or defining interpretation of the topic. In terms of volume and function, on the one hand, it borders on a scientific article and a literary essay, on the other hand, with a philosophical treatise.
The quality of any essay depends on three interrelated components, such as:
the source material that you are going to use (abstracts of read literature, lectures, recording the results of discussions, your own considerations and the experience gained on this issue);
quality of processing of the available source material (its organization, reasoning and arguments);
argumentation (how closely it relates to the problems raised in your essay).
The review is an extremely complex genre. Simultaneously, the review is the highest indicator of skill. In this genre the author must demonstrate on all the new skills that haven’t been processed yet and skills of analyzing the literary work that he received while studying classical, established things. The main task of the review is to address the most recent, contemporary phenomena of literature, about which practically no one has written about which a certain opinion hasn’t taken shape. Talking about such a work, the writer needs to consider it in the context of modern life and the literary process: to evaluate it precisely as a new phenomenon. This topicality (in the best sense of the word) is an indispensable sign of any review. It goes without saying that for this, it is necessary for a person preparing to write a review to at least occasionally look through literary and art magazines in order to be aware of novelties and to navigate in the main directions of literary life.
The composition of written work, as a rule, consists of:
Introduction: the essence and rationale for choosing this topic.
Development of the topic: a reasoned disclosure of the topic based on the collected material (ideas, models and data).
Conclusion: generalizations and reasoned conclusions on the topic, indicating the scope of its application, etc. It’s like a sandwich, in which the reasoned disclosure of the topic is the filling, which represents the desired part.